New Delhi: Research and Analysis Wing, India's top external intelligence agency, was created after the India-China war in 1962 and India-Pakistan war in 1965.
Set up on orders from the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, R N Kao was the first RAW chief.
The government then felt the need to set up an agency which looks after secret information and counter terrorist attacks.
Here are some interesting facts about India's external intelligence agency:
1. Operation Meghdoot
Classified information from RAW in 1984 warned that Pakistan was planning to capture Saltoro Ridge in Siachen as part of Operation Ababeel.
The Indian Army soon launched Operation Meghdoot in the treacherous terrain.
Around 300 troops were deployed along the Siachen before Pakistan Army pushed its troops to capture the strategic peak.