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Is diabetes and heart disease co-related? Know the facts here

Studies have shown that people who have diabetes are twice as likely to have heart disease or a stroke. High blood sugar, also known as diabetes mellitus. Know how to avoid the risk.

Written By: India TV Lifestyle Desk New Delhi Published on: October 16, 2022 19:25 IST
Diabetes
Image Source : FREEPIK Is diabetes and heart disease co-related?

Heart disease is one of the most common and serious health conditions that affect millions of people across the world. It is the leading cause of death for both men and women in several countries. The chances increase when you have an underlying disease. Studies have shown that people who have diabetes are twice as likely to have heart disease or a stroke. High blood sugar, also known as diabetes mellitus, is a highly prevalent chronic disease that occurs either when our pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.

Heart failure more common in patients with diabetes

As per the expert, the diabetic population is at 2-4 times higher risk of heart failure than the general population. Also, heart failure is a risk factor for diabetes, suggesting an interlinking between the two entities. In patients with diabetes, advanced age, duration of the disease, insulin use, presence of coronary artery disease and elevated serum creatinine are all independent risk factors for the development of heart failure. 

Type 2 diabetes or heart failure independently increases the risk of getting the other, and both often occur together. This leads to further worsening patient’s health, more hospitalizations, more emergency department visits, earlier death, poor quality of life and increased cost of care.

How to prevent the risk?

The metabolic risk of heart failure in diabetes is heightened by the effect of certain anti-diabetic medications. Thus, preventing heart failure using glucose-lowering medications should be imperative for primary care physicians and cardiologists alike. Furthermore, diabetic patients with heart failure require a multidisciplinary approach to make clinical decisions on the intensity of glycemic control, the type and dose of glucose-lowering agents, and any change in the glucose-lowering therapy to be gradually implemented.

Much Abundant evidence suggests that all interventions effective at improving prognosis in patients with heart failure are equally beneficial in patients with or without diabetes. Promoting convergence and harmonization of early detection of risk factors, and effective management help in preventing or delaying the onset of heart failure.

Therefore, It is important to keep blood sugar levels under control, get regular exercise, maintain a healthy weight and eat a well-balanced diet.

 

Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purpose only and should not be taken as professional medical advice. Please consult a doctor before starting any fitness regime or medical advice. 

 

Also Read: Covid linked with worse mental health, lower life satisfaction, claims study

Also Read: Snacks under 100 calories: Popcorn to Ice-cream, try these healthy munchies

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