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Collegium system 'alien' to Indian Constitution: Law Minister Kiren Rijiju

Collegium system in India: Law Minister explained that once the Supreme Court or a high court collegium sends recommendation, the government has to do due diligence.

Edited By: Sheenu Sharma New Delhi Updated on: November 25, 2022 23:02 IST
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Image Source : KIREN RIJIJU (TWITTER). Law Minister Kiren Rijiju speaking during an event in New Delhi.

Collegium system in India: Union Law Minister Kiren Rijiju today launched a fresh attack on the mechanism to appoint Supreme Court (SC) and high court judges, saying the collegium system is alien to the Constitution.

The Supreme Court in its wisdom, through a court ruling, created collegium, he said noting that before 1991 all judges were appointed by the government. Speaking at an event in the national capital, the minister said the Constitution of India is a religious document for everyone, especially the government.

"Anything which is alien to the Constitution merely because of the decision taken by the courts or some judges, how do you expect that the decision will be backed by the country," he asked.

Rijiju said the collegium system is 'alien' to our Constitution. "You tell me under which provision the collegium system has been prescribed," he asked.

Law Minister explained that once the Supreme Court or a high court collegium sends a recommendation, the government has to do due diligence. Rijiju was responding to a question on the government "sitting" on various Supreme Court collegium recommendations at a time when cases are piling up in courts.

ALSO READ: Supreme Court Collegium recommends transfer of seven High Courts judges

But at the same time, the minister said the government of the day in 1991 and the present regime "very well respect the collegium system until or unless it is replaced by a better system".

He said he will not get into the debate of what that system should be. "That requires a better platform or a better situation."

With near unanimity, Parliament passed the National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Act to overturn the collegium system. But the law was struck down by the Supreme Court. Rijiju said as long as the collegium system is prevailing, he has to respect the system. 

"But if you expect they should merely sign (on) the name to be appointed as a judge just because it is recommended by the collegium, what is the role of government then? What does the word due diligence mean," he argued.

He said there are loopholes in the collegium system and "people are raising voices" that the system is not transparent. "Also thee is no accountability," he added.

He said one should never say the government is sitting on files. Then don't send the files to the government. You appoint yourself and you run the show and the system does not function. The Executive and the Judiciary will have to work together.

Before describing the collegium system as alien to Constitution, Rijiju said every judge is not right.

ALSO READ: Law Minister Kiren Rijiju says need to 'think about' collegium system of appointment

"But every judgment is correct and right because it is a judicial pronouncement. In a democratic process, nobody can disrespect the judiciary and nobody can disobey a court order," he said.

(With PTI inputs) 

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