The much-talked-about Citizenship Amendment Act has come into force. Ministry of Home Affairs issued notification in this regard late on Friday. In the gazette notification, the Union Home Ministry said the act under which non-Muslim refugees from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan will be given Indian citizenship, will come into force from January 10 that is, on Friday itself.
"In exercise of the powers conferred by sub-section (2) of the section 1 of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2019 (47 of 2019), the Central Government hereby appoints the 10th day of January, 2020, as the date on which the provisions of the said Act shall come into force," the notification said.
The CAA was passed by parliament on December 11. Passage of Citizenship (Amendment) Act saw widespread protests across the country. Protests that started in universities across India soon spilt on streets. Barring Northeast, New Delhi's Jamia Millia Islamia University was first flashpoint. Student protests in universities such as Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), Jadavpur University among others hit national headline. The common man was also on streets as seen in various cities across Uttar Pradesh and other states.
According to the CAA, members of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities who have come from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan till December 31, 2014 facing religious persecution there will not be treated as illegal immigrants but given Indian citizenship.
There have been widespread protests against the act in different parts of the country.
Those who are opposed to the legislation are saying that it is for the first time that India will grant citizenship on the basis of religion which violates the basic tenets of the country's constitution.
However, the government and ruling BJP has been defending the act saying that the minority groups from the three countries have no other option but to come India when they face religious persecution there.
The home ministry, however, is yet to frame the rules for the act.
(With agency inputs)
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