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Which tests women in their 30s and 40s should undergo? Expert explains

All women go through several changes in their bodies during their 30s and 40s. However, for early detection of potential health issues, women should undergo a few tests in their 30s and 40s. In this article, we have mentioned about the essential tests.

Written By: Kristina Das @https://twitter.com/KristinaDas2 New Delhi Updated on: May 24, 2024 19:00 IST
Tests women in their 30s and 40s should undergo
Image Source : FREEPIK Tests women in their 30s and 40s should undergo.

Women should start routine health checks, especially in their 30s and 40s to ensure early detection and prevention of potential health issues. When we spoke to Dr Astha Dayal, Lead Consultant, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, CK Birla Hospital, Gurugram, regarding the same, she said, "In a well-woman check, we not only do health screening for diseases and risk screening for cancers, but we also evaluate for other Menstrual issues, STD testing, and advise you on age appropriate Vaccinations(like Rubella, HPV, Tdap, Influenza), Weight control, Birth control methods, Preconception counselling if one is planning pregnancy. Not just this, it gives the doctor an opportunity for Depression screening, or to detect any Domestic violence or Substance Abuse."

Tests women should undergo in their 30s and 40s:

Pap Smear and HPV Test: In their 30s, all women should undergo Pap Smear and HPV Tests. These are crucial for detecting cervical cancer and should be done every three to five years depending on age and prior results. Also, an annual STD testing can be done simultaneously if a woman is sexually active.

Self-Breast Examination: Women in their 30s should also do a Self-breast examination of the armpit area, 3-4 monthly after periods. Breast examination by a gynaecologist may be done every 3 years at the age of 20-35 and then annually after 35.

Annual or Biennial Mammograms: Starting at age 40, women should undergo annual or biennial mammograms to screen for breast cancer. Those with a family history may need to start earlier.

Bone Density Test: Women in their late 30s and 40s should discuss bone density testing, especially if they have risk factors for osteoporosis.

Blood Pressure and Cholesterol Levels: Regular checks help monitor heart health, as cardiovascular disease risk increases with age. Cholesterol-lowering medication may be started at a young age to prevent heart disease.

Blood Glucose Test: Screening for diabetes is essential, particularly if there are risk factors such as obesity or a family history of diabetes.

Colon Cancer Screening: Starting at age 45, women should undergo regular screening for colorectal cancer with stool testing for occult blood testing or flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.

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