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Mohammad Mokhber appointed as Iran's first acting President after Raisi killed in helicopter crash I WATCH

With Raisi's demise confirmed in the crash, Iran's initial vice president, Mohammad Mokhber, it was almost confirmed that he would become interim President as stipulated in Article 131 of the Islamic Republic's constitution.

Edited By: Ajeet Kumar @Ajeet1994 New Delhi Updated on: May 20, 2024 15:58 IST
Mohammad Mokhber
Image Source : REUTERS Mohammad Mokhber

Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi, who visited Azerbaijan on Sunday and met his counterpart Ilham Aliyev, was declared dead by the Iranian vice-president. Notably, President Raisi, the foreign minister and other top officials were returning from Baku when their ill-fated chopper crashed in the tough terrain. Ever since the news of the helicopter crash surfaced in the media, speculations arose around the world over who would succeed Ebrahim Raisi. Now, the speculations have ended as the new interim President has taken charge.

What Iran's constitution says 

According to the Iranian constitution, a person who holds the post of vice president can hold the position of President until the next elections. Hence, it is clear that Mohammad Mokhber, 68, Iran's first vice president, becomes interim president following the 'tragic' demise of Raisi in a helicopter crash. The Iranian constitution also has a provision for holding elections within 50 days. As per Article 131 of the Islamic Republic's constitution, the first vice president takes over, with the confirmation of the supreme leader, who has the final say in all matters of state in Iran. Currently, Ali Khamenei is the Supreme leader of Iran.

As interim president, Mokhber is part of a three-person council, along with the speaker of parliament and the head of the judiciary, that will organise a new presidential election within 50 days of the president's death.

Who is Mohammad Mokhber?

Mokhber, 68, largely has been in the shadows compared to other politicians in Iran’s Shiite theocracy. Raisi’s death under the constitution thrust Mokhber into public view. He is expected to serve as caretaker president for some 50 days before mandatory presidential elections in Iran.

Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei made the announcement of Mokhber’s appointment in a condolence message he shared for Raisi’s death in the crash Sunday. The helicopter was found Monday in northwestern Iran.

Despite his low-key public profile, Mokhber has held prominent positions within the country’s power structure, particularly in its bonyads, or charitable foundations. Those groups were fueled by donations or assets seized after Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution, particularly those previously associated with Iran’s shah or those in his government.

Mokhber oversaw a bonyad known in English as the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order, or EIKO, referring to the late Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

Mokhber's organisation has billions of dollars in assets 

The US Treasury said the organization oversaw billions of dollars in assets as “a business juggernaut under the direct supervision of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei that has a stake in nearly every sector of the Iranian economy, including energy, telecommunications, and financial services."

"EIKO has systematically violated the rights of dissidents by confiscating land and property from opponents of the regime, including political opponents, religious minorities, and exiled Iranians,” the Treasury said in 2021 in sanctioning Mokhber. The European Union also had sanctioned Mokhber for a time with others over concerns then about Iran’s nuclear program.

As the head of EIKO, Mokhber oversaw an effort to make a COVID-19 vaccine during the height of the pandemic, pledging to make tens of millions of doses. Only a fraction of that ever made it to the public, without explanation.

Mokhber as a banker

Mokhber previously worked in banking and telecommunications. He also worked at the Mostazafan Foundation, another bonyad that’s a major conglomerate that manages the country’s mega-projects and businesses. While there, he found himself entangled in a bitter legal dispute between mobile phone service providers Turkcell and South Africa’s MTN over potentially entering the Iranian market.

MTN ended up entering Iran. A Turkcell filing alleged Mokhber sought MTN’s help in securing “certain defence equipment” in exchange for potentially working with it as opposed to Turkcell.

Mokhber used “improper influence up to and including negotiating with and on behalf of the Supreme Leader in MTN’s favour,” Turkcell later alleged in a legal filing. An MTN report later said there were no arms transfers, though it acknowledged Mokhber was a player in Iran’s decision to go with MTN.

Iranian media reports suggest Mokhber, who holds a doctorate in international law, was crucial in Iranian efforts to bypass Western sanctions on its oil industry.

Mokhber has been a member of Iran’s Expediency Council since 2022, which advises the supreme leader, as well as settles disputes between parliament and the Guardian Council, Iran’s constitutional watchdog that also oversees the country’s elections.

Mokhber was born Sept. 1, 1955, in Dezful in Iran’s southwestern Khuzestan province to a clerical family. He served as an officer in the Revolutionary Guard’s medical corps during the 1980s Iran-Iraq war, according to the pressure group United Against Nuclear Iran.

“Mokhber used the vast wealth accumulated by EIKO — at the expense of the Iranian people—to reward regime insiders like himself,” UANI said. “Managing the patronage network endeared him to the supreme leader, but at a cost.”

(With inputs from agency)

Also Read: VIDEO: First visual of bodies transferred from helicopter crash site where Iranian President Raisi dies

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