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What is Miliaria? Know symptoms and effective remedies to treat heat rash

Miliaria may seem like a minor skin issue, but it can be quite uncomfortable and bothersome. By following the tips mentioned in this article, you can effectively treat miliaria and prevent it from occurring in the future.

Written By: Kristina Das @ New Delhi Published on: May 28, 2024 14:03 IST
Image Source : FREEPIK Know symptoms and effective remedies to treat Miliaria.

Summer is here and so are the scorching heat and high humidity levels. While it’s a great time to enjoy outdoor activities and soak up some Vitamin D, it also brings along some skin troubles. One of the most common skin issues during summer is heat rash, also known as miliaria. If you have ever experienced tiny red bumps on your skin accompanied by intense itching and prickling sensation, then you might have had a heat rash.

In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about miliaria, its symptoms, and effective remedies to treat this annoying skin condition.

What is Miliaria or Heat Rash?

Miliaria or heat rash is a common skin condition that occurs due to excessive sweating in hot and humid weather. It is caused by clogged sweat ducts that trap perspiration under the skin, leading to small red bumps and an itchy sensation on the affected area. Miliaria can affect people of all ages, but it is most common in infants and young children as their sweat ducts are not fully developed.

Types of Miliaria:

  • Miliaria Crystallina: This type of heat rash is the mildest form and appears as tiny clear blisters on the surface of the skin. It usually resolves on its own within a few days.
  • Miliaria Rubra: This is the most common type of miliaria and occurs deeper in the skin compared to miliaria crystallina. It appears as small red bumps accompanied by an intense prickling or burning sensation.
  • Miliaria Profunda: This is the most severe form of miliaria and occurs when sweat ducts rupture deep in the skin. It can lead to larger, firm bumps that are flesh-coloured or red.

Symptoms of Miliaria:

  • Small, itchy red bumps on the skin
  • Prickling or stinging sensation on the affected area
  • Intense itching, especially in hot and humid weather
  • Lack of sweating in the affected area
  • Inflammation or swelling in the affected area

Effective Remedies to Treat Heat Rash:

Keep the affected area dry: The first and most important step in treating miliaria is to keep the affected area clean and dry. Avoid wearing tight clothes that can trap sweat and moisture, and opt for loose, breathable fabrics.

Apply cool compress: Applying a cool compress on the affected area can provide relief from itching and irritation caused by miliaria. Simply soak a clean cloth in cool water and place it on the affected area for a few minutes.

Calamine lotion: Calamine lotion is known for its soothing properties and can provide relief from itching and irritation caused by miliaria. Gently apply it to the affected area and let it dry before putting on clothes.

Aloe vera gel: Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory properties that can help reduce inflammation and redness caused by miliaria. Apply fresh aloe vera gel on the affected area and leave it on for 15-20 minutes before rinsing off with cool water.

Oatmeal bath: Oatmeal has anti-inflammatory properties that can help soothe irritated skin caused by heat rash. Add a cup of oatmeal to your bathwater and soak in it for 15-20 minutes to relieve itching and irritation.

Avoid scratching: As tempting as it may be, avoid scratching the affected area as it can lead to further irritation and even infection. If the itching is unbearable, try applying a cool compress or taking an antihistamine to ease the discomfort.

Stay hydrated: It is crucial to stay hydrated, especially during hot and humid weather, to prevent miliaria. Drink plenty of water and avoid sugary or caffeinated drinks that can dehydrate your body.

ALSO READ: Immediate first aid tips to treat heat stroke


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