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Delhi Heatwave: Rash to Cramps, 5 ways to deal with common heat illnesses

Know the 5 most common heat illnesses during Delhi's heatwave and learn effective ways to prevent and treat them. Stay informed and stay safe in extreme heat conditions.

Written By: Muskan Gupta @guptamuskan_ New Delhi Updated on: May 21, 2024 19:25 IST
common heat illnesses
Image Source : SOCIAL 5 ways to deal with common heat illnesses

Delhi is no stranger to scorching heatwaves, especially during the peak summer months. The rising temperatures can pose serious health risks, leading to various heat-related illnesses. Understanding these conditions and knowing how to manage them is crucial for staying safe during a heatwave, from mild rashes to severe cramps. Here are five effective ways to deal with these common heat illnesses to keep yourself cool and hydrated this summer.

1. Heat Exhaustion

Symptoms: Heavy sweating, weakness, cold, pale and clammy skin, a fast but weak pulse, nausea or vomiting, and fainting.

How to Deal:

  • Move to a cooler location immediately.
  • Lie down and loosen your clothing.
  • Apply cool, wet clothes to as much of your body as possible.
  • Sip water slowly. Avoid glugging large amounts of water.
  • If vomiting occurs and it continues, seek medical attention right away.

2. Heat Stroke

Symptoms: High body temperature (above 103°F or 39.4°C), hot, red, dry, or moist skin, rapid and strong pulse, confusion, and unconsciousness.

How to Deal:

  • Call emergency services immediately. Heat stroke is a medical emergency.
  • Move the person to a cooler environment.
  • Reduce the person's body temperature with cool clothes or a bath.
  • Do not give fluids.

3. Heat Cramps

Symptoms: Muscle pains or spasms, usually in the abdomen, arms, or legs, often occurring after heavy exercise.

How to Deal:

  • Stop all activity and sit in a cool place.
  • Drink clear juice or a sports beverage.
  • Avoid strenuous activity for a few hours after the cramps subside to prevent them from returning.
  • Seek medical attention if the cramps do not go away in an hour.

4. Heat Rash

Symptoms: Red clusters of small blisters that look like pimples on the skin, usually on the neck, chest, groin, or elbow creases.

How to Deal:

  • Stay in a cool, dry place.
  • Keep the rash area dry.
  • Use powder to increase comfort, avoiding the use of ointments or creams.

5. Dehydration

Symptoms: Dry mouth and throat, feeling dizzy or lightheaded, dark yellow urine, and urinating less frequently.

How to Deal:

  • Drink plenty of water regularly, even if you do not feel thirsty.
  • Avoid alcohol and caffeine as they can lead to dehydration.
  • Eat hydrating foods like fruits and vegetables.
  • Replenish electrolytes with a sports drink if necessary, especially after sweating heavily.

Tips to Stay Safe During a Heatwave

  • Stay Hydrated: Drink water regularly and avoid beverages that can cause dehydration.
  • Wear Appropriate Clothing: Lightweight, loose-fitting, and light-coloured clothes help keep your body cool.
  • Avoid Peak Sun Hours: Stay indoors during the hottest parts of the day, typically from late morning until mid-afternoon.
  • Use Fans and Air Conditioning: Keep cool with fans, air conditioning, or by taking cool showers.
  • Stay Informed: Keep an eye on weather forecasts and heat advisories to stay prepared.

By recognising the symptoms of heat-related illnesses and knowing how to respond, you can protect yourself and others from the potentially severe effects of Delhi's intense heatwaves. Stay cool and stay safe!

ALSO READ: Heatwave in Delhi NCR: Know negative effects of extreme heat on multiple organs and how to stay safe

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