Union Minister Arun Jaitley on Monday published the second part of his three-part series titled 'The Emergency Revisited' and recalled the 'tyranny' faced by the people faced during the emergency period when it was imposed on June 25, 1975.
Drawing parallel between Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler and former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, the Union Finance Minister said that both turned democracy into dictatorship. In his Facebook post, Jaitley said that Indira Gandhi went a step ahead by endeavouing to transform India into 'dynastic democracy'.
"Both Hitler and Mrs. Gandhi never abrogated the Constitution. They used a republican Constitution to transform democracy into dictatorship," Jaitley wrote in the post.
He also wondered whether the script of Emergency was inspired by what had happened in Nazi Germany in 1933.
Jaitley further said there were a few things which Hitler did not do which Gandhi did.
"She prohibited the publication of Parliamentary proceeding in the media... Unlike Hitler, Mrs Gandhi went ahead to transform India into a 'dynastic Democracy'," Jaitley said.
"The press censorship laws imposed in India and in Germany were almost similar. You had effectively a one party system in play," Jaitley said.
As regards the economic programme, the minister drew a similarity between the agenda of Hitler and Gandhi.
"Hitler had announced a 25 point economic programme. Mrs Gandhi had announced 20. To cover up the gap, Sanjay (Gandhi) announced his 5 point economic and social programme. Dissent became a sin and sycophancy the rule," Jaitley said.
Hitler continued to maintain that his actions were within the four corners of the Constitution, Jaitley said, adding "Mrs. Gandhi imposed the Emergency under Article 352, suspended fundamental rights under Article 359 and claimed that disorder was planned by the opposition in the country".
The senior minister further said that the security forces were being asked to disobey illegal orders and, therefore, in the larger interest of the nation, India had to become a "disciplined democracy".
Like Hitler, Gandhi arrested most opposition members of Parliament, and therefore procured, through their absence, a two-third majority of members present and voting and enabling the passage of several obnoxious provisions through Constitution amendments, he said.
"The 42nd amendment to the Constitution diluted the power of high courts to issue writ petitions, a power which Dr Ambedkar had said was the very heart and soul of India's Constitution. They also amended Article 368 so that a Constitution amendment was beyond judicial review," Jaitley said.
A Nazi leader proclaimed that Germany had only one authority and that was the authority of "Fuehrer" (tyrannical leader Hitler), Jaitley said, adding similarly AICC President Devakanta Barua proclaimed "Indira is India and India is Indira". Jaitley in his post also took a dig at the then Congress-rule for threatening film stars to join the party.
In his post, he also described the horrible conditions during the Emergency period and recalled his painful experiences when he was lodged in jail.
“I was lodged in Delhi’s Tihar Jail for a week. Thereafter, alongwith twenty other detenues I was shifted to the Ambala Central Jail. Under the conditions of detention rules, we were allowed a daily ration in which we had to manage all the meals. The budget available per detenue for the daily food was rupees three,” union minister said.
The first part of the three-part series was posted by Jaitley on Sunday and the third and the final part will be posted on Tuesday.