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World Multiple Sclerosis Day 2024: Know causes, symptoms and more about the chronic autoimmune disorder

Let us use World Multiple Sclerosis Day 2024 to raise awareness, spread understanding, and support those with this chronic autoimmune disorder. Let us work together towards building a more inclusive and supportive society for everyone, regardless of their health condition.

Written By: Kristina Das @ New Delhi Published on: May 30, 2024 12:08 IST
World Multiple Sclerosis Day 2024
Image Source : SOCIAL Know the causes, symptoms and more about the chronic autoimmune disorder.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disorder that affects the central nervous system. It is a disease that often goes unnoticed, with symptoms that are not visible to the naked eye. It is a debilitating condition that affects millions of people worldwide, and every year, on the last Wednesday of May, we observe World Multiple Sclerosis Day to raise awareness about this often silent struggle.

As we observe World MS Day 2024 on May 30, 2024, it is crucial to understand the causes, symptoms, and impact of this condition on individuals and their families.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

The exact cause of MS is still unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Research suggests that certain genetic variations make a person more susceptible to developing MS when exposed to certain environmental triggers.

One of the leading theories behind the cause of MS is that it is an autoimmune disorder. In people with MS, the immune system mistakenly attacks the protective coating (myelin) around nerve fibres in the brain and spinal cord. This damage disrupts the communication between the brain and the rest of the body, leading to various symptoms.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

MS affects each person differently, making it a challenging disease to diagnose. Some common symptoms include 

  • Fatigue
  • Numbness or tingling in limbs
  • Muscle weakness
  • Vision problems
  • Coordination and balance issues

These symptoms can come and go or become more severe over time, depending on the individual.

One of the most challenging aspects of MS is that many symptoms are invisible. This makes it difficult for others to understand or empathize with those living with MS. It can also lead to misinterpretation or dismissal of a person's struggles.

The Impact of Multiple Sclerosis

Living with MS can be incredibly challenging for both individuals and their families. The unpredictable nature of the disease can make it difficult for individuals to plan for the future and maintain a sense of control over their lives. The physical and cognitive symptoms can also affect a person's ability to work, leading to financial strain and a loss of independence.

Moreover, the invisible nature of many symptoms can make it challenging for individuals to receive the support and understanding they need from their loved ones and society. This can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness, which can further impact a person's mental health.

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