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President of India powers: Ordinances, pardons, proclamation of emergency and a lot more

President of India powers: As the constitutional head, the president is the custodian of the Constitution and is also vested with numerous powers. President Murmu's term of office will be of five years till July 24, 2027.

Vani Mehrotra Edited By: Vani Mehrotra @vani_mehrotra New Delhi Published on: July 25, 2022 13:54 IST
Droupadi Murmu, President of India
Image Source : PTI New Delhi: President Droupadi Murmu during a guard of honour by the Tri-services personnel at the forecourt of the Rashtrapati Bhavan

Highlights

  • Murmu was elected by members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses
  • She was elected in accordance with the system of proportional representation
  • With this, she will now have powers to promulgate ordinances, grant pardons and more

President of India powers: Droupadi Murmu was sworn in as the 15th President of India on Monday. With this, she will now have powers to promulgate ordinances, grant pardons and sign proclamations of emergency in states and the country on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers headed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. 

Murmu was elected by members of an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies of the states in accordance with the system of proportional representation, by means of a single transferable vote.

Her term of office will be of five years till July 24, 2027. 

President of India: Powers

  • As the constitutional head, the president is the custodian of the Constitution and is also vested with powers of convening Parliament sessions The president also acts as the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
  • The rules allow a president for re-election, though the country's first President Rajendra Prasad has been the only one to get elected for two terms
  • The president's removal from office needs to be in accordance with the procedure prescribed in Article 61 of the Constitution. The President can resign by writing a resignation addressed to the Vice-President
  • The executive power of the Union is vested in the President and can be exercised by them either directly or through officers subordinate in accordance with the Constitution
  • The president also has the power to dissolve the Lok Sabha, based on the decision of the Union Cabinet
  • He/she can promulgate ordinances at any time, except when both Houses of Parliament are in session
  • He/she can also make recommendations for introducing financial and money bills and give assent to bills, grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remission of punishment or suspends, and remit or commute sentences in certain cases
  • When there is a failure of the constitutional machinery in a state, the president can assume to themselves all or any of the functions of the government of that state
  • The president can proclaim an emergency in the country if she is satisfied that a grave emergency exists, whereby the security of India or any part of its territory is threatened, whether by war or external aggression or armed rebellion

(With inputs from PTI)

Also Read | 'Mo jeebana pacche narke padithau...': Droupadi Murmu evokes Odia poet in first speech as President

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