The teams were scheduled to play three one-day internationals and five Twenty20s from Aug. 6-24 in Belfast and Bready.
Zimbabwe still trail by 337 runs and unless they bat out the whole of the fifth day on Sunday, it looks likely that they will lose the Test.
One demerit point each has been added to the disciplinary records of the players, both of whom did not have any previous offence in a 24-month period.
Bangladesh's Taskin Ahmed and Zimbabwe's Blessing Muzarabani had a heated face-off during the second day of the one-off Test.
The right-handed Mahmudullah shared a 191-run ninth wicket partnership with bowler Taskin Ahmed, who made 75 on the second day.
Bangladesh, who had won the toss and elected to bat, were in a spot of bother when they were reduced to 132 for six wickets.
Brendan Taylor, who is likely to lead the side, said the absence of the duo would provide a chance for the newcomers to prove themselves.
It took only five overs on Day 4 for Shaheen Shah Afridi to end it by having Luke Jongwe caught behind by wicketkeeper Mohammad Rizwan for 37.
Pacer Hasan Ali took five wickets on the third day as Zimbabwe was bowled out for 132 in its first innings and was made to follow on at Harare Sports Club.
Pakistan won the first test by an innings in three days in Harare and is on the cusp of rounding off a highly successful tour of southern Africa.
Mohammad Rizwan's unbeaten 91 and captain Babar Azam's 52 helped Pakistan to 165/3 before fast bowler Hasan Ali's four-wicket haul helped the visitors restrict Zimbabwe to 141/7.
It was Zimbabwe’s first win in a T20 in two years, and first at home since 2016.
The Twenty20 series will be played from Apr. 21-25, followed by the test matches on Apr. 29-May 3 and May 7-11.
Afghanistan had won the first T20I by 48 runs. The two-Test series was drawn 1-1.
Live Streaming Cricket Afghanistan vs Zimbabwe 2nd T20I: Find full details on when and where to watch AFG vs ZIM 2nd T20I Live Online on FanCode.
Live Streaming Cricket Afghanistan vs Zimbabwe 1st T20I: Find full details on when and where to watch AFG vs ZIM1st T20I Live Online on FanCode.
The series thus ends 1-1 after Zimbabwe had won the first Test by 10 wickets. The two teams now face each other in a three-match T20I series from Wednesday.
Zimbabwe, who were forced to follow on, looked down and out at 142 for seven wickets. However, Williams and Tiripano defied the Afghans for 42.4 overs.
26-year-old Shahidi became the first from his country to score a double century in Test cricket.