Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar on Tuesday visited the ailing patients at the Sri Krishna Medical College and Hospital in Muzaffarpur as the death toll due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) mounted to 108.
The district is presently the epicenter of encephalitis outbreak in the state.
According to the human rights body, some other districts of the state have also been affected by the fever.
Meanwhile, the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on Monday issued a notice to the Bihar government and the Union Health Ministry calling for a detailed report on the growing number of child deaths caused by the encephalitis virus in the state's Muzaffarpur district.
The NHRC has taken suo motu cognizance of media reports about the rising number of deaths of children due to Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) in Muzaffarpur since the past few days.
The Commission has sought a detailed report in the matter, including the status of implementation of the National Programme for Prevention and Control of Japanese Encephalitis Virus/ Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (NPPCJA) and other steps taken to deal with the current grim situation.
The Commission also wanted to know about the status of the treatment being provided to the curretly hospitalised children and the relief provided by the state to the aggrieved families.
The response to the notice is expected within four weeks.
The Commission has observed that in spite of reported measures taken by the government agencies, deaths of children in such a large number point to possible flaws in implementation of the vaccination and awareness programmes.
Not only vaccination, but all precautionary measures, such as cleanliness and hygiene, among others, are also required to be taken sincerely to ensure that children do not fall prey to the fatal disease, the Commission observed.
It said this was a case of violation of human rights of the child victims and their families, as the state appeared to have failed to protect young innocent lives.
Expressing serious concern over the spread of the fatal viral infection, the NHRC further observed that encephalitis has claimed lives of a large number of children in India. Sometime back, Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh suffered a lot due to Japanese Encephalitis when about 60 children lost their lives.
The Commission was informed that the Union government has initiated the NPPCJA in this regard.
The reports also said that the state Health Minister had sent a team of doctors and adequate number of paramedical staff from Patna to Muzaffarpur.
Union Health Minister visited Harsh Vardhan visited the SKMCH on Sunday.
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Video: Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar meets patients in Muzaffarpur