Guwahati/Tezpur: Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi today directed the Health department to take all possible measures to check the spread of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) and Japanese Encephalitis (JE), which have jointly claimed 305 lives in Assam this year.
The Chief Minister directed the Health Minister, Chief Secretary and Health department officials to take all necessary measures for speedy control of Encephalitis and provide necessary medical treatment to the people affected with vector-borne disease, officials said.
Gogoi also directed Principal Health Secretary to provide medicines and vaccinations against the disease and procure the necessary amount of medicines from outside the state. The vector-borne AES has claimed 212 lives while Japanese Encephalitis 93 in Assam this year, a senior Health Department official said.
The total number of people suffering from AES was 1,286, including 488 by JE, Joint Director Health Services-Malaria Dr B K Barua told PTI.
After the doubtful patients tested positive through the Elisa Test, they were declared as AES affected, he said. Meanwhile, fogging was on in the vulnerable areas of the 24 of the 27 districts of the state affected by the killer disease, health department officials said. The worst hit districts in Lower Assam were Sonitpur, Barpeta, Nalbari, Darrang, Kamrup (Rural) and Kamrup (Metro), while in the Upper Assam Tinsukia, North Lakhimpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh, Dhemaji and Golaghat, they said.
Vaccines and medicines were being regularly supplied to hospitals and other health centres, besides running awareness campaigns at all administrative levels, the officials added. Earlier reports had put the death toll in the state so far at 295 and the number of affected at 1,727.
Dr Durlav Saikia who has been carrying out extensive studies on JE told PTI that Japanese Encephalitis, also known as ‘brain fever', is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes that infect animals and humans in whom inflammation of the membranes around the brain is caused.
Saikia also said that intensification and expansion of irrigated rice production systems in the South and South-East Asia over the past 20 years have had an important impact on the disease burden caused by Japanese Encephalitis.
Expansion of irrigation into semi-arid areas and flooding of fields at the start of each cropping cycle leads to an explosive build-up of the mosquito population causing circulation of the virus to spill over from their usual hosts (birds and pigs) into the human population, he said.