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Colorectal cancer definition, signs and symptoms; Know how to reduce the risk of such cancer

Latest Health Updates: Colorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. Read on to find out its signs and symptoms and how to reduce the risk of this cancer!

India TV Lifestyle Desk India TV Lifestyle Desk
New Delhi Published on: February 22, 2019 18:42 IST
Colorectal cancer definition, signs and symptoms; Know how to reduce the risk of such cancer

Colorectal cancer definition, signs and symptoms; Know how to reduce the risk of such cancer

Colorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the colon or the rectum. Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine (colon), which is the final part of your digestive tract. Most cases of colon cancer begin as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called adenomatous polyps. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers. According to the latest health research, consumption of allium vegetables including garlic, onion and leek, is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer.

The study, published in the Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, showed that the odds of having colorectal cancer was 79 per cent lower in adults who consumed high amounts of allium vegetable compared with those who consumed them in low amounts.

"It is worth noting that in our research, there seems to be a trend: the greater the number of allium vegetables, the better the protection," said researcher Zhi Li from the First Hospital of China Medical University. 

"In general, the present findings shed light on the primary prevention of colorectal cancer through lifestyle intervention, which deserves further in-depth explorations." 

For the study, 833 patients of colorectal cancer were matched to 833 healthy controls by age, sex and residence area. 

Importantly, according to the World Health Organization, colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers around the world along with male preponderance with 1.80 million cases and 862,000 deaths in 2018. In addition, the incidence is on the rise in India.

As mayoclinic states the signs and symptoms of colon cancer, it includes:

> A change in your bowel habits, including diarrhoea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool, that lasts longer than four weeks

> Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool

> Persistent abdominal discomforts, such as cramps, gas or pain

> A feeling that your bowel doesn't empty completely

> Weakness or fatigue

> Unexplained weight loss

(IANS Inputs)

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