Global investigating agency, Interpol recently shot up in news in India as it issued a Red Corner Notice for businessman Nirav Modi, who is key accused in the USD 2 billion PNB scam and has been traversing the globe with a suspended passport.
If you are wondering what is Interpol and how will its Red Corner Notice help nab Nirav Modi, who has been evading India authorities since January, then we have the answer for you.
The Interpol, or the International police cooperation agency, is the world’s largest international police organisation with 192 member countries. The agency's force works with all the member nations to nab criminals which have committed crimes in more than one country or have crossed international borders after violating laws of one nation. It operates through several regional offices across the globe apart from a a National Central Bureau in each member nation, staffed by local law enforcement officials.
In case of Nirav Modi, the agency has issued a 'Red Corner Notice' on the request of India's Central Bureau of Investigation. The sources say that the notice will make unhindered movement of Modi across border difficult and might lead to his arrest.
What is a 'Red Corner Notice'?
Interpol Notices are international requests for cooperation or alerts allowing police in member countries to share critical crime-related information.Notices are published by Interpol’s General Secretariat at the request of National Central Bureaus (NCBs) and authorised entities.
In the case of Red Notices, the persons concerned are wanted by national jurisdictions for prosecution or to serve a sentence based on an arrest warrant or court decision. The agency's role is to assist the national police forces in identifying and locating these persons with a view to their arrest and extradition or similar lawful action.
In addition, Notices are used by the United Nations, International Criminal Tribunals and the International Criminal Court to seek persons wanted for committing crimes within their jurisdiction, notably genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity.
But there are more than one kind of notices, depending on the nature of required assistance by the requesting nation:
Red Notice: To seek the location and arrest of wanted persons with a view to extradition or similar lawful action.
Yellow Notice: To help locate missing persons, often minors, or to help identify persons who are unable to identify themselves.
Blue Notice: To collect additional information about a person’s identity, location or activities in relation to a crime.
Black Notice: To seek information on unidentified bodies.
Green Notice: To provide warnings and intelligence about persons who have committed criminal offences and are likely to repeat these crimes in other countries.
Orange Notice: To warn of an event, a person, an object or a process representing a serious and imminent threat to public safety.
INTERPOL–United Nations Security Council Special Notice: Issued for groups and individuals who are the targets of UN Security Council Sanctions Committees.
Purple Notice: To seek or provide information on modus operandi, objects, devices and concealment methods used by criminals.