“As part of a FICCI interface programme, we are commercializing the technology so that bio-toilets can reach every nook and corner of the country.
It is a unique technology not available anywhere else in the world,” Dr W Selvamurthy, Chief Controller at DRDO, told PTI here.
The DRDO have already transferred it to 49 private firms to build the eco-friendly toilets, named ‘E-LOO', all over the country according to the market demand, he said.
According to India Human Development Report 2011, brought out by Institute of Applied Manpower Research of the Planning Commission, about half of Indian households lacked access to sanitation facilities in 2008-09 resulting in outbreak of diseases like diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid.
To prevent open defecation along the Dhamra coast, DRDO have taken up a project of installing 1000 bio-toilets, which was inaugurated today by Union Minister for Rural Development Jairam Ramesh.
Customised to the use of civilians, bio-digester technology was developed at the DRDO lab in Gwalior to decompose biological waste generated by soldiers deployed in high-altitude regions such as Siachen and Ladakh.
The process involves the bacteria that feed on fecal matter inside the tank, through anaerobic process which degrades the matter and releases methane gas and water. The generated gas can be utilized for energy, cooking and water for irrigation purposes.