New Delhi: The second Indo- Pak war in 1965 was started by the Pakistani Army. The war took place after Pakistan launched a covert operation across the ceasefire line in Kashmir. Pakistan attacked first by occupying the Kanjarkot area in Kutch. It subsequently opened new areas of war in Jammu and Kashmir. The war ended with UN intervention with both sides moving back to pre-war positions.
Let's have a look at 10 most interesting facts related to 1965 Indo-Pak war:
1.The 1965 war between India and Pakistan is said to be the the one of the most fiercely fought wars to be fought after World War II.The war was fought on the western front of India starting from Rann of Kutch to Kashmir.
2. It all started in the month of January 1965 when Pakistani Army started 'Operation Desert Hawk' in the Rann of Kutch. The main motive of the Pakistan army establishment was to keep the Indian forces engaged in Kutch so that the Pakistani Army could launch an attack in Kashmir.
3.After the misson in Rann of Kutch a force of around 33,000 infiltrators who were mostly from the Pakistan Army crossed the Line of Control (LoC) from Kashmir in the month of August and gave it the name 'Operation Gibraltar'. However it's a bitter truth that the Indian defence establishment came to know about the aggression of Pakistani soldiers only after a week.
4. It was on 28th August 1965, that Indian army opened up its front and went eight kilometers inside the Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK) and took control of strategically important Haji Pir Pass. It was an important victory for Indian forces since the control in Haji Pir Pass meant that Indian Army can take control over Muzzaffarad.
5. The Pakistani Army also started 'Operation Grand Slam' on 01st September in the Akhnoor sector of Jammu & Kashmir. The idea was to cut all supply line of the Indian Army and take Akhnoor under thier control. The PAkistani Army started heavy shelling in the Chamb and Jurian region.