Australia has won the inaugural day-night Ashes Test by 120 runs on the last day, with Josh Hazlewood striking twice in the first three overs and Mitchell Starc finishing off the tail as the pace attack crushed England's slim hopes of a comeback victory. England resumed at 176/4 on Wednesday, needing a further 178 to achieve a national record fourth-innings run chase for a win that would level the Ashes series at 1-1.
That scenario relied heavily on England skipper Joe Root, on 67, posting a big score on day five at the Adelaide Oval.
But after watching nightwatchman Chris Woakes (5) feather a catch off Hazlewood's bowling to wicketkeeper Tim Paine on the second ball of the day, Root was also out caught behind in the Australian paceman's next over without adding to his overnight score as England slumped to 177/6.
Nathan Lyon dismissed Moeen Ali and England was bundled out for 233 when Starc (5/88) returned with the new ball to remove Craig Overton, Stuart Broad and complete a five-wicket haul when he bowled Jonny Bairstow for 36.
"We always had faith in the team, the belief," Australia captain Steve Smith said. "It happened really quickly. I'm pleased for the boys. I thought they came out and showed some really good character this morning."
The third Test starts Dec. 14 in Perth, where England is in danger of surrendering the urn after winning the Ashes on home soil in 2015. Australia swept the Ashes 5-0 the last time the series was played Down Under.
Two unconventional captain's calls had big influences on the Test and neither for the benefit of their teams.
After losing the series-opener by 10 wickets in Brisbane last week, Root won the toss and sent Australia into bat at the Adelaide Oval — something last done by an Englishman in his position in 1982. It didn't work then, and it failed this time, too, with Shaun Marsh's unbeaten 126 — he was named the man of the match — helping Australia post 442/8 declared in the first innings.
Australia then bowled England out for 227, setting up a 215-run cushion, but then Smith let the pressure off England by not enforcing the follow-on and make the tourists bat again immediately under lights.
It backfired, with Australia struggling to 53/4 at stumps on day three, and eventually all out for 138 early on day four with Jimmy Anderson returning his best ever figures in Australia of 5/43.
Smith also wasted two umpire referrals within three balls and England rallied, getting a glimmer of hope for victory, particularly with Australia having no referrals available on the final day.
Smith's fast bowlers snuffed out any hope with the early wickets, and now England heads to Perth needing to avoid defeat to have any hope of retaining the Ashes.
The Australian captain said he no longer needed to dwell too much on his decision regarding the follow-on.
"We've won the game — I would have thought about it had we lost," Smith said. "Fortunately, we're able to hang in there and get the result we were after. It doesn't make any difference anymore."