The apex court had sentenced Justice Karnan to a six-month jail term and had ordered his arrest.
A petition about the recall was mentioned before a five- judge bench headed by Chief Justice J S Khehar, which agreed to look into it.
Advocate Mathews J Nedumpara, who mentioned the plea on behalf of Justice Karnan, was asked to show papers that authorised him to represent the judge.
The advocate showed the notorised papers of authorisation for filing the plea on behalf of the judge to the bench.
When Justice Khehar asked about the whereabouts of Justice Karnan, the advocate said he was "very much in Chennai".
Nedumpara also said 12 advocates on record had refused to represent Justice Karnan.
The plea on behalf of the judge was mentioned before the bench which had just concluded the day's hearing on the issue of triple talaq.
The seven-judge bench of apex court had on May 9 passed the order sentencing Karnan to jail by holding him guilty of contempt of court and ordering the West Bengal police to take him into custody.
However, before the pronouncement of the apex court order, Justice Karnan had left Kolkata and was reported to be staying in Chennai.
The West Bengal police is yet to arrest the judge.
The whereabouts of Justice Karnan still remains a mystery even as a few media reports claimed that he has "crossed the border".
He was reported to have left the State Guest House in Chennai for the Shiva temple in Srikalahasti town in Andhra Pradesh on Wednesday.