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World Menstrual Hygiene Day 2024: What are some common risk factors associated with poor menstrual hygiene?

We all know that menstrual hygiene is extremely important for all women. With poor menstrual hygiene, they fall prey to several serious illnesses. In the article, we have mentioned about a few common risk factors associated with poor menstrual hygiene.

Written By: Kristina Das @https://twitter.com/KristinaDas2 New Delhi Updated on: May 27, 2024 17:00 IST
world menstrual hygiene day 2024
Image Source : FREEPIK Risk factors associated with poor menstrual hygiene.

World Menstrual Hygiene Day 2024 is a global initiative aimed at raising awareness and promoting good menstrual hygiene practices for women and girls around the world. It is observed on May 28 every year and the day serves as a reminder of the challenges faced by women and girls in managing their periods, particularly in low-income countries where access to clean water, sanitation, and hygienic products is limited. In this article, we will delve into the health problems associated with poor menstrual hygiene.

Several health problems associated with poor menstrual hygiene include: 

  1. Urinary tract infections: UTIs are infections of the urinary tract that can affect the urethra, bladder and kidneys. Females are at a higher risk of getting UTIs than males as their urethra is shorter, which makes it easier for bacteria to enter the bladder.
  2. Pelvic inflammatory disease: PID is an infection of the reproductive organs such as the uterus, vagina and fallopian tubes. It can cause pain, fever, and infertility. PID can occur if bacteria from the vagina travel to the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. This is more likely to happen if you don't change tampons or menstrual cups often enough.
  3. Yeast infection: It is a fungal infection that causes itching, burning, and irritation in the vulva and vagina. It's more common if you wear pads that aren't breathable or if you douche frequently.
  4. Bacterial vaginosis: This is a change in the normal bacterial flora of the vagina which may cause itching, burning, and unusual odour. It's more common if you don't change pads or tampons often enough.

Some tips for maintaining good menstrual hygiene include:

These below-mentioned tips have been shared by Dr Garima Sawhney, Senior Gynaecologist and Co-founder, of Pristyn Care.

  1. Change pads or tampons every 4-8 hours, or more often if your flow is heavy.
  2. Wipe your vagina from front to back after using the toilet 
  3. Wash your vulva with water every day. Avoid douching as it can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in your vagina.
  4. Wear cotton underwear that allows your skin to breathe.
  5. Choose menstrual products that are unscented and hypoallergenic.

Through advocacy, education, and action, World Menstrual Hygiene Day 2024 aims to ensure that menstruation is seen as a normal biological process and that all women and girls have the resources and support they need to manage their periods with dignity and without shame. Together, we can create a world where every woman and girl can reach her full potential, regardless of her menstrual cycle.

ALSO READ: International Day of Action for Women's Health 2024: Stereotypes surrounding menopause and ageing

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