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World Asthma Day 2022: Date, history, significance and theme this year

World Asthma Day 2022: As per the 2021 report of World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 15 to 20 million people in India suffer from asthma, which includes patients from every age group.

Health Desk Written by: Health Desk New Delhi Updated on: May 03, 2022 16:08 IST
World Asthma Day 2022
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World Asthma Day 2022

World Asthma Day 2022: Each year to raise awareness about asthma, we celebrate the World Asthma Day across the globe on May 3. The daAsthma is a condition in which there is a narrowing of airways due to swelling of mucosa and also there is increase production of mucus in the airways. It causes symptoms such as wheezing (whistling sound from chest), shortness of breath, chest tightness and cough that vary over time in occurrence, frequency and intensity and may be more severe at night. Although asthma cannot be cured permanently, it can be controlled to a larger extent. As per the 2021 report of World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 15 to 20 million people in India suffer from asthma, which includes patients from every age group.

History

The day was first started by the Global Initiative for Asthma, which is a medical guideline organisation founded in 1993. This organisation works with various health care professionals to reduce the prevalence of Asthma. The first World Asthma Day that was held on the sidelines of the World Asthma Meeting in Spain included participation from 35 countries. Since that day, it is being celebrated on the first Tuesday of May.

Theme

For the 2022 World Asthma Day, Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) has chosen ‘Closing Gaps in Asthma Care' as the theme. 

Significance

World Asthma Day aims at bridging the gaps in asthma care. The day has been dedicated to increase awareness about the medical issues that asthma patients face and to encourage equal access to diagnosis and treatment (medicine). According to Global Initiative for Asthma, efforts are made to ensure that international respiratory communities work together with patients and health care providers to implement asthma care solutions both, locally and globally.

Experts say...

"According to the WHO, more than 339 million individuals worldwide have asthma. Although the prevalence of asthma is increasing, the overall death rate from this disease is falling. The reason behind the decline in asthma mortality rate can be attributed to awareness about timely assisted ventilation and appropriately managing care during ventilation by the physicians," Ashok Patel, founder and CEO, Max Ventilator, said.

“Asthma is a serious medical condition which causes the airways to become swollen and produce extra mucous making it difficult to breathe. Ayurveda attributes Asthma to imbalanced Kapha, Vata and Pitta Dosha, leading to dry cough, dry skin, irritability, fever, anxiety, and constipation. Asthma can be cured by following Ayurvedic tips like having a herbal composition of honey and cloves that strengthen lungs, consuming herbal tea made of Ajwain, Tulsi, pepper, ginger, and rubbing mustard oil; on the chest can give instant relief,” Vikas Chawla, founder & director, Vedas Cure, said.