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  4. What are the common symptoms and causes of vitamin B12 deficiency? Know what should be the normal level

What are the common symptoms and causes of vitamin B12 deficiency? Know what should be the normal level

Due to the deficiency of vitamin B12, the body becomes vulnerable to many diseases. Let's know what are the symptoms of vitamin B12 and its normal level.

Written By: Kristina Das @https://twitter.com/KristinaDas2 New Delhi Published on: May 27, 2024 16:03 IST
Know the common symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency
Image Source : SOCIAL Know the common symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency.

Vitamin B12 plays an important role in making red blood cells and DNA in our body. If there is a deficiency of it in the body, then you can fall prey to many serious illnesses. If there is a deficiency of vitamin B12 in the body, red blood cells are not formed, due to which the supply of oxygen to the tissues and organs decreases. In such a situation, let us tell you how to identify the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency and what should be its normal level.

Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

  • Feeling very weak
  • Tremors in hands and feet 
  • Very poor appetite 
  • Always feeling tired 
  • Persistent weight loss 
  • Yellowing of the skin

Causes of vitamin B12 deficiency

The main cause of vitamin B12 deficiency is inadequate intake of foods that contain this essential vitamin, such as meat, fish, dairy products, and eggs. This can happen due to dietary restrictions, such as a vegan or vegetarian diet, or poor dietary choices. Another cause of vitamin B12 deficiency is malabsorption, which means the body is unable to absorb the vitamin from food. This can occur due to conditions like celiac disease, Crohn's disease, or pernicious anaemia. In some cases, certain medications can also interfere with the absorption of vitamin B12. Additionally, ageing can lead to decreased production of stomach acid, which is necessary for the absorption of this vitamin. 

What is the normal level of vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 supports blood cells and is also helpful in DNA production. Let us tell you that the level of vitamin B12 between 200 pg/mL and 900 pg/mL is considered normal in any man and woman. Whereas in the elderly, the range of 300 to 350 pg/mL is considered correct.

These diseases can occur due to a deficiency of Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 deficiency causes pain in hands and feet, poor eyesight, and weakened bones. It also triggers anaemia and brain-related diseases. Vitamin B12 deficiency has the greatest impact on our brain and nervous system.

Eat these things to overcome the deficiency of Vitamin B12

To overcome the deficiency of Vitamin B12, you should include such things in your diet which are rich in elements like minerals, proteins, vitamins and carbohydrates. For example, you can consume things like curd, soybean, egg, milk, fish and mushrooms in your diet. 

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