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Blood Donation vs Blood Transfusion: Difference in process and practices

Blood donation is a simple and selfless act that has the power to save lives, and World Blood Donor Day is a perfect opportunity to recognise the difference between blood donation and blood transfusion.

Written By: Kristina Das @https://twitter.com/KristinaDas2 New Delhi Published on: June 14, 2024 12:43 IST
World Blood Donor Day 2024
Image Source : FREEPIK Know what is the difference between blood donation and blood transfusion.

World Blood Donor Day is a global event celebrated on June 14th every year to raise awareness about the importance of voluntary blood donation and to thank blood donors for their life-saving contributions. This day serves as a reminder of the crucial role that blood donors play in saving lives and improving health outcomes for millions of people around the world. However, it is important to know the difference between blood donation and blood transfusion.

When we spoke to Dr Amita Mahajan, Senior Consultant Pediatric Hematology & Oncology, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, about the difference between blood donation and blood transfusion, she said, "Blood donation and blood transfusion serve different purposes and thus involve distinct procedures." 

Know about blood donation

Blood donation is the process where a healthy individual voluntarily gives blood. The primary goal is to collect blood or its components, such as plasma, platelets, or red blood cells, for use in medical treatments and emergencies. The donation process typically takes about an hour, including registration, a health screening, the actual donation, and a short recovery period. Donors need to fulfil specific eligibility criteria to ensure the safety of both, themselves and the recipients. Once collected, the blood is tested, processed, and stored before being distributed to hospitals and clinics.

Know about blood transfusion

On the other hand, a blood transfusion is a medical procedure where a patient receives donated blood or components to replace lost elements of their blood. This procedure is often critical in treating patients with severe blood loss due to surgery, trauma, or medical conditions such as anaemia, cancer, or different blood disorders. During a transfusion, the patient’s blood type and compatibility are meticulously matched with the donated blood to prevent adverse reactions. The transfusion process is carefully monitored by us to ensure the patient's safety and to manage any potential complications.

Blood donation involves contributing to a communal resource that supports various medical needs. On the other hand, blood transfusion is a direct treatment provided to patients who require immediate blood component replacement.

ALSO READ: World Blood Donor Day 2024: Can you donate blood if you have a tattoo? Know who is eligible

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