New Delhi: Indian firms mopped up over Rs. 39,000 crore through the equity market route in 2014, with qualified institutional placements (QIPs) emerging as the most preferred way to garner capital for their business needs.
This is lower compared with Rs. 45,440 crore mobilised in 2013.
In the equity market, fresh capital was raised through QIP, offer for sale (OFS) through stock exchanges, initial public offering (IPO), follow-on public offer (FPO) and institutional placement programme (IPP).
The trend remained sluggish in the primary stock market — where companies raise funds through the sale of shares via instruments like IPOs and FPOs — despite a bullish equity market.
According to Prime Database Managing Director Pranav Haldea, about Rs. 39,127 crore was raised in public equity market in 2014.
This was substantially less than Rs. 99,022 crore, the highest amount that has ever been raised in a year (2010).
“The year 2014 could have been much better but for the continuous deferment of several PSU offerings,” Haldea said.
Most of the funds (81 per cent of the overall amount) were pocketed through QIP route in 2014. About Rs. 31,684 crore was garnered via 31 QIPs this year. State Bank of India's Rs. 8,000-crore issue was the biggest in this segment.
Besides, Rs. 5,000 crore was mopped up via OFS route — mainly tapped by the promoters of listed companies towards complying with SEBI's 25 per cent minimum public shareholding requirement.
Despite a stable government coming into power and the resultant buoyant secondary market, only six main-board IPOs came to the market. They collectively raised Rs. 1,261 crore.
The firms that hit the capital market include Monte Carlo Fashions, Shemaroo Entertainment, Snowman Logistics, Sharda Cropchem and Wonderla Holiday.
The entire year saw just one follow-on offer. This was by state-run Engineers India Ltd (EIL), which also happens to be the biggest public offer with an issue size of Rs. 495 crore.
The year, however, witnessed a flurry of activity on the small and medium enterprise (SME) platform. There were as many as 40 SME IPOs which collected Rs. 267 crore.
“The pipeline though is looking much stronger with seven companies wanting to raise Rs. 2,965 crore already holding SEBI approval and another 12 firm wanting to raise Rs. 5,362 crore awaiting SEBI nod,” he said.
As per Haldea, “the biggest disappointment for the primary market has again been the lack of divestments by the Government. Despite a huge target of Rs. 58,425 crore for FY 2014-15 and continuing announcements, with nine months already gone, only Rs. 1,780 crore, or just 3 per cent of the target, has been achieved.”
“Again, like in previous years, bulk of the divestments may take place in the last quarter of the fiscal,” he added.
The year 2014 saw just one IPP of Muthoot Finance of Rs. 418 crore, while last year had witnessed 12 companies raising Rs. 4,823 crore through this route.