Breaking
  • Aryan Khan granted bail by Bombay High Court in drugs-on-cruise case
  • Home Ministry extends COVID-19 restrictions across the country till November 30
X
  1. You Are At:
  2. English News
  3. Science
  4. Moderna 76% effective against Covid-19 Delta variant, Pfizer 42%: Study

Moderna 76% effective against Covid-19 Delta variant, Pfizer 42%: Study

Researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, US, found that the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was only 42 percent effective against infection in July, while the Moderna vaccine was only 76 percent effective.

IANS IANS
London Updated on: August 12, 2021 16:35 IST
PFIZER, MODERNA, COVID 19 VACCINE, COVID 19
Image Source : PTI/FILE

The vaccines are still effective in preventing hospitalizations and severe cases from the virus, with both having a hospitalization rate of under 25 percent.

Vaccines against Covid-19 that were developed by US drug makers Pfizer and Moderna may not be as effective against the 'Delta' variant compared to as they were against the original strain of the virus, suggests a new study.

Researchers from the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, US, found that the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine was only 42 percent effective against infection in July, while the Moderna vaccine was only 76 percent effective, the Daily Mail reported.

"Comparing rates of infection between matched individuals fully vaccinated with mRNA-1273 (Moderna Covid vaccine) versus BNT162b2 (Pfizer Covid vaccine) across Mayo Clinic Health System sites in multiple states (Minnesota, Wisconsin, Arizona, Florida, and Iowa), mRNA-1273 conferred a two-fold risk reduction against breakthrough infection compared to BNT162b2," the researchers wrote in the study, not yet peer-reviewed, and published on pre-printer server medRxiv.org.

For the study, the team gathered data on more than 25,000 Minnesotans from January to July. From January to June, the vaccines as claimed remained effective around 90 percent, but began dipping in June and largely dropped in July as the variant took hold in the US.

The change in vaccine effectiveness corresponds with a massive surge in the prevalence of the Delta variant in Minnesota, growing from 0.7 percent prevalence in May to more than 70 percent in July, the study showed.

Meanwhile, the 'Alpha' variant, the previous dominant strain in the US, decreased in prevalence from 85 percent to 13 percent over the same time period.

The US is currently seeing a spike in infections and death due to the Delta variant. As of Thursday morning, the overall caseload and death toll in the US stood at 36,185,761 and 618,454, respectively, according to Johns Hopkins University. It is projected to increase in the coming weeks.

However, the vaccines are still effective in preventing hospitalizations and severe cases from the virus, with both having a hospitalization rate of under 25 percent, the researchers said.

Last month, Pfizer published data that showed that its vaccine's efficacy drops to 86 percent after six months. But booster shots, expected to be rolled out soon, can help enhance immunity to the virus and protect against more resistant variants.

ALSO READ | Covid booster shot produced robust response against Delta: Moderna

ALSO READ | Over 53.24 crore COVID vaccine doses provided to states, UTs: Centre

 

Write a comment