External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj along with her Chinese and Russian counterparts Wang Yi and Sergey Lavrov held the 15th Russia-India-China trilateral meeting in New Delhi on Monday.
The three countries condemned terrorism in all forms and reaffirmed their determination to prevent and counter it.
They also said those committing, organising, inciting or supporting terrorist acts must be held accountable and brought to justice.
In a joint communiqué issued after the 15th meeting of foreign ministers of Russia, India and China, the countries made it clear that their cooperation was not directed against any other nation.
The statement urged all countries to take adequate measures to prevent terrorist activities from their territory.
External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Raveesh Kumar had said last week that the three countries would discuss global and regional issues.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said on Sunday that the talks were expected to focus on security and trade issues in the region and elsewhere.
The discussions would also include the situation in Afghanistan, the Middle East and the Korean peninsula, it said.
Wang Yi's visit is the first high-level visit from China after Indian and Chinese troops were involved a tense face-off position in the Doklam region of the border earlier this year.
With inputs from agencies