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Supreme Court adjourns hearing of PILs opposing CAA to October 31

Supreme Court heard pleas against the CAA on December 18, 2019 for the first time. The CAA came into effect on January 10, 2020.

Hritika Mitra Edited By: Hritika Mitra @MitraHritika New Delhi Updated on: September 12, 2022 18:15 IST
In 2020, the Kerala government also filed a suit in the
Image Source : FILE In 2020, the Kerala government also filed a suit in the apex court becoming the first state to challenge the CAA.

The Supreme Court adjourned the hearing of more than 200 Public Interest Litigation (PIL) that have been challenging the Citizen (Amendment) Act, 2019 to October 31. The petition was heard by a bench of judges that was headed by Chief Justice of India UU Lait and included Justice S Ravindra Bhat. 

The pleas against the CAA first came up for hearing in the Supreme Court on December 18, 2019. It was last heard on June 15, 2021. CAA was passed by the Parliament on December 11, 2019, after which it met with protests all across the country. The CAA came into effect on January 10, 2020.

A Kerala-based political party Indian Union Muslim League (IUML), Trinamool Congress MP Mahua Moitra, Congress leader and former Union minister Jairam Ramesh, All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) leader Asaduddin Owaisi, Congress leader Debabrata Saikia, NGOs Rihai Manch and Citizens Against Hate, Assam Advocates Association, and law students are several among others who had filed the plea before the top court challenging the Act.

In 2020, the Kerala government also filed a suit in the apex court becoming the first state to challenge the CAA.

The law fast-tracks the process of granting citizenship to Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians who fled religious persecution in Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan and took refuge in India on or before December 31, 2014.

The top court had earlier issued notice to the Centre and refused to pass an interim order staying the law without hearing the Centre.

In March 2020, the Centre filed its affidavit before the apex court saying that the CAA is a "benign piece of legislation" which does not affect the "legal, democratic or secular rights" of any of the Indian Citizens.

The CAA does not violate any fundamental right, the Centre had said while terming the legislation legal and asserting that there was no question of it violating constitutional morality.

The amendments have also been challenged on several other grounds, including the violation of secularism, Articles 21 (right to life), 15 (prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth) and 19 (right to freedom), as well as the provisions on citizenship and constitutional morality.

(With inputs from Agencies)

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