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Suffering from Migraine? 5 root causes that you should be aware of

Know about the 5 root causes of migraines to help identify triggers and find relief from chronic headaches. Learn about common factors contributing to your migraine pain.

Written By: Muskan Gupta @guptamuskan_ New Delhi Published on: May 15, 2024 16:11 IST
Migraine
Image Source : FREEPIK 5 root causes of migraine

Migraines can be debilitating, impacting daily activities and overall quality of life. While they are commonly perceived as severe headaches, migraines are complex neurological events with various triggers and root causes. It's a multifaceted condition influenced by genetic, hormonal, environmental, dietary, and emotional factors. Understanding these can help in managing and potentially reducing the frequency and intensity of migraines. From genetic factors to dietary influences, here are five root causes that you should be aware of:

1. Genetic Factors

Migraines often run in families, suggesting a strong genetic component. If you have a close relative who suffers from migraines, you are more likely to experience them as well. Researchers have identified several genes associated with migraines, which influence how the brain processes pain and responds to environmental stimuli.

2. Hormonal Changes

Hormonal fluctuations, particularly in women, can trigger migraines. Many women experience migraines in correlation with their menstrual cycles due to changes in estrogen levels. Pregnancy, menopause, and the use of hormonal contraceptives can also influence migraine patterns.

3. Environmental Triggers

Various environmental factors can precipitate migraines. Common triggers include bright or flickering lights, strong smells, loud noises, and drastic changes in weather or barometric pressure. Identifying and avoiding these environmental triggers can help reduce the occurrence of migraines.

4. Dietary Influences

Certain foods and drinks are known to trigger migraines in some people. Common dietary triggers include alcohol (especially red wine), caffeine, aged cheeses, processed meats, and foods containing the additive monosodium glutamate (MSG). Skipping meals or fasting can also provoke migraines due to fluctuations in blood sugar levels.

5. Stress and Emotional Factors

Stress is a significant trigger for migraines. Emotional stress, anxiety, and depression can all contribute to the onset of a migraine. Stress management techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, regular physical exercise, and adequate sleep can be beneficial in reducing migraine frequency and severity.

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