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  4. Ram Mandir in Ayodhya: A timeline of events in the historic town

Ram Mandir in Ayodhya: A timeline of events in the historic town

Ram Mandir bhoomi pujan, one of the most awaited moment in the country, finally became a reality on August 5 when PM Modi laid the foundation stone of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya. Here's a look at the chronology of events related to the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case.

PTI PTI
New Delhi Published on: August 05, 2020 15:15 IST
Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple
Image Source : PTI

Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple 

Ram Mandir bhoomi pujan, one of the most awaited moment in the country, finally became a reality on August 5 when PM Modi laid the foundation stone of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya. The event has been marked with Diwali-like celebrations with city illuminating like never before and people celebrating the auspicious occassion by lighting diyas outside homes, on streets to turn it historic. Here's a look at the chronology of events related to the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid case.

India Tv - Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple

Image Source : INDIA TV

Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple 

  • 1528: Babri Masjid built by Mir Baqi, commander of Mughal emperor Babur.
  • 1885: Mahant Raghubir Das files plea in Faizabad district court seeking permission to build a canopy outside the disputed structure. Court rejects the plea.
  • 1949: Idols of Ram Lalla placed under central dome outside the disputed structure.
  • 1950: Gopal Simla Visharad files suit in Faizabad district court for rights to worship the idols of Ram Lalla.
  • Paramahansa Ramachandra Das files suit for continuation of worship and keeping the idols.
  • 1959: Nirmohi Akhara files suit seeking possession of the site.
  • 1961: UP Sunni Central Waqf Board files suit for possession of the site.
  • Feb 1, 1986: Local court orders the government to open the site for Hindu worshippers.
  • Aug 14, 1989: Allahabad HC orders status quo in respect of the disputed structure.
  • Dec 6, 1992: Babri Masjid demolished.

India Tv - Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple

Image Source : PTI

Proposed model of Ram Janmbhoomi Mandir in Ayodhya

  • Apr 3, 1993: 'Acquisition of Certain Area at Ayodhya Act' passed for acquiring land by Centre in the disputed area.
  • Various writ petitions, including one by Ismail Faruqui, filed in Allahabad HC challenging various aspects of the Act.
  • SC exercising its jurisdiction under Article 139A transfers the writ petitions, which were pending in the High Court.
  • Oct 24, 1994: SC says in historic Ismail Faruqui case mosque was not integral to Islam.
  • Apr, 2002: HC begins hearing on determining who owns the disputed site.
  • Mar 13, 2003: SC says, in the Aslam alias Bhure case, no religious activity of any nature be allowed at the acquired land.
  • Sep 30, 2010: HC, in a 2:1 majority, rules three-way division of disputed area between Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.
  • May 9, 2011: SC stays HC verdict on Ayodhya land dispute.
  • Mar 21, 2017: CJI JS Khehar suggests out-of-court settlement among rival parties.
  • Aug 7: SC constitutes three-judge bench to hear pleas challenging 1994 verdict of the Allahabad HC.
  • Feb 8, 2018: SC starts hearing the civil appeals.
  • Jul 20: SC reserves verdict.

India Tv - Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple

Image Source : PTI

Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple 

  • Sep 27: SC declines to refer the case to a five-judge Constitution bench.cCase to be heard by a newly constituted three-judge bench on October 29.
  • Oct 29: SC fixes the case for the first week of January before an appropriate bench, which decides the schedule of hearing.
  • Dec 24: SC decides to take up petitions on case for hearing on January 4, 2019.
  • Jan 4, 2019: SC says an appropriate bench constituted by it will pass an order on January 10 for fixing the date of hearing in the title case.
  • Jan 8: SC sets up a five-judge Constitution Bench to hear the case headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and comprising justices S A Bobde, N V Ramana, U U Lalit and D Y Chandrachud.
  • Jan 10: Justice U U Lalit recuses himself prompting SC to reschedule the hearing for January 29 before a new bench.
  • Jan 25: SC reconstitutes 5-member Constitution Bench to hear the case. The new bench comprises Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi and Justices S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S A Nazeer.
  • Jan 29: Centre moves SC seeking permission to return the 67-acre acquired land around the disputed site to original owners.
  • Feb 26: SC favours mediation, fixes Mar 5 for order on whether to refer matter to court-appointed mediator.
  •  Mar 8: SC refers the dispute for mediation by a panel headed by former apex court judge F M I Kallifulla.
  • Apr 9: Nirmohi Akhara opposes in SC Centre's plea to return acquired land around Ayodhya site to owners.

India Tv - Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple

Image Source : INDIA TV

Chronology of Ayodhya Ram Temple 

  • May 9: 3-member mediation committee submits interim report in SC.
  • May 10: SC extends time till Aug 15 to complete mediation process.
  • Jul 11: SC seeks report on "progress of mediation".
  • Jul 18: SC allows mediation process to continue, seeks outcome report by Aug 1.
  • Aug 1: Report of mediation submitted in sealed cover to SC.
  • Aug 2: SC decides to conduct day-to day hearing from Aug 6 as mediation fails.
  • Aug 6: SC commences day-to-day hearing on the land dispute.
  • Oct 4: SC says it will wrap up hearing on Oct 17, judgment by Nov 17.
  • SC directs UP govt to provide security to state Waqf Board Chairperson.
  • Oct 16: SC concludes hearing; reserves order.
  • Nov 9: SC grants entire 2.77 acre of disputed land in Ayodhya to deity Ram Lalla, possession of land will remain with central government receiver.
  • SC also directs Centre and UP govt to allot 5 acre land to the Muslims at a prominent place for building mosque.
  • Feb 5, 2020: PM announces in Parliament 15-Member Trust for Ram Temple in Ayodhya.
  • Feb 19: Ram Mandir Trust appoints office bearers.
  • Aug 5: PM Modi conducts 'Bhumi Pujan' at Ayodhya for initiation of temple construction, lays foundation stone.

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