The Reserve Bank on Tuesday said it will launch the first pilot for retail digital rupee (e₹-R) on December 1, 2022, in which four banks including SBI and ICICI Bank will initially participate. On November 1, the RBI launched the first pilot in the digital rupee - wholesale segment. Announcing the operationalisation of the Central Bank Digital Currency – Retail (e₹-R) Pilot, the RBI said the pilot would cover select locations in closed user groups (CUG) comprising participating customers and merchants.
"The e₹-R would be in the form of a digital token that represents legal tender. It would be issued in the same denominations that paper currency and coins are currently issued," it said. It would be distributed through banks and users will be able to transact with e₹-R through a digital wallet offered by the participating banks and stored on mobile phones/devices.
Transactions can be both Person to Person (P2P) and Person to Merchant (P2M). The RBI further said the e₹-R would offer features of physical cash like trust, safety and settlement finality. "As in the case of cash, it will not earn any interest and can be converted to other forms of money, like deposits with banks," the central bank said. The pilot would initially cover four cities -- Mumbai, New Delhi, Bengaluru and Bhubaneswar.