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Budget 2023: Here are the various types of Government Budget

The revenue budget is the most important component of the government budget. It includes all the revenue that the government expects to collect during the fiscal year, such as taxes and non-tax revenue.

Edited By: India TV Business Desk New Delhi Updated on: January 23, 2023 12:45 IST
Budget 2023
Image Source : FREEPIK Budget 2023: Here are the various types of Government Budget

Budget 2023 would be announced by the Ministry of Finance next month with an aim to outline the financial plans for the upcoming fiscal year. One of the key elements of the budget is the allocation of funds for various government programs and initiatives. In this article, we will take a closer look at the different types of government budget, including the revenue budget, the capital budget, the consolidated fund of India, and the public account.

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The revenue budget is the most important component of the government budget. It includes all the revenue that the government expects to collect during the fiscal year, such as taxes and non-tax revenue. The revenue budget also includes the expenses that the government incurs on various programs and schemes, such as education, health, and rural development. The revenue budget is used to fund the day-to-day operations of the government and to provide essential services to citizens.

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The capital budget, on the other hand, is used to fund long-term investments and development projects. This includes the construction of roads, bridges, and other infrastructure projects, as well as the purchase of capital assets such as equipment and machinery. The capital budget is also used to fund research and development projects, as well as to support the growth of small and medium-sized enterprises.

FAQs:

1. What is the Public Account?

The public account is used to manage the government's financial transactions that are not included in the consolidated fund. These transactions include loans and advances given by the government, as well as deposits and balances held by it. The public account also includes the government's transactions with the Reserve Bank of India.

2. What is the difference between the Consolidated Fund of India and the Public Account?
The consolidated fund of India is a fund that is used to consolidate all the revenues and expenditures of the government, while the public account is used to manage the government's financial transactions that are not included in the consolidated fund. The consolidated fund of India ensures that the government has enough money to meet its financial obligations and to provide essential services to citizens, while the public account deals with specific financial transactions such as loans, advances, deposits and balances held by the government.

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