New Delhi: Troubled by facial hair, acne and irregular menstrual periods? Chances are you could be suffering from Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), a largely lifestyle-related disease in women of reproductive age, which is seeing a rise in India, especially among young girls.
Experts said while the exact cause of the condition is not known - for long it was considered a genetic disease - the problem largely affects the ovaries, the organs responsible for the production of eggs and female hormones. The condition runs in families.
"The incidence of women suffering from PCOS has doubled as it is difficult to diagnose-being a spectrum of diseases without having any one particular symptom," Mala Srivastava, senior consultant at the obstetric and gynaecology department of Sir Gangaram hospital, told IANS.
Doctors said that approximately 30-40 percent of teenagers coming to OPDs suffer from PCOS, which often affects younger women.
While the major cause for worry in women suffering from PCOS is infertility, it can also become life-threatening as it leads to an increase in incidence of obesity·
Around 40-60 percent of women with PCOS suffer from obesity, which in turn leads to diabetes, uterine cancer and high cholesterol.
Across the globe, 4-11 percent of the female population suffers from PCOS. While the incidence of PCOS is less among rural women, roughly 30 percent of the urban women population suffers from it.
It is a common endocrine disorder where there is an imbalance in the hormones produced in a woman's body.
Pointing out obesity as being a major factor for PCOS, Srivastava said obesity leads to hormonal changes, which are responsible for PCOS.
According to her, certain women are insulin resistant, which leads to obesity in them and in turn results in hormonal imbalances and develops into PCOS.