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Ten big disasters that shook India

New Delhi: Natural disasters come without any warning and when they hit, the toll they take on human lives surpass  one's imagination. India has faced all forms of natural tragedies from droughts, famines, earthquakes to

Updated on: February 12, 2013 13:50 IST
4. 1737 Calcutta Cyclone

In 1737, Calcutta witnessed one of the worst cyclones in recorded history of India. Hurricane force winds were reported to be accompanied by an earthquake and extensive flooding with an estimated death toll of 3,00,000.

The absence of evidence for soil liquefaction suggests that perhaps no substantial earthquake occurred. The  population of Calcutta, a new city which was being established by Job Charnock at that time was around 3,000 to 20,000.

The fatalities estimated in London and French journals exceeded the official report of more than 3000. Although official reports discussed only the damage in Calcutta, it is possible that the 3,00,000 estimated fatalities included those in coastal villages in what is now West Bengal and Bangladesh.

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