New Delhi, Oct 30: On Monday (Oct 31), India will witness the birth of the world's seven billionth baby in Uttar Pradesh. India's population now stands at 121 crore.
During this decade (2001-2011 ), India added 18 crore people to its population as compared to 20 crore between 1991 and 2001.
India's total fertility rate (TFR) is 2.6. This is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime.
India expects to reach a TFR of 2.1 by 2060. Around 20 states have achieved the TFR target and seven more are close to the mark, according to Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad.
45 per cent of India's population is in states that haven't achieved the TFR target.
India has 2.4 per cent of the global landmass and around 18 per cent of the global population.
The worst TFR is prevalent in states like Bihar (3.9),Chhattisgarh (3),Jharkhand (3.2),MP (3.3),Orissa (2.4),Rajasthan (3.3),UP (3.7),Uttarakhand (2.6),Assam (2.6) and Gujarat (2.5).
States that have achieved the TFR target include Maharashtra (1.9),TN (1.7),Delhi (1.9),Karnataka (2),West Bengal (1.9) and Kerala (1.7).
Demographic projections show that if the current status of population growth continues in India,it will cross China as the most populous nation by 2030.
The National Population Stabilization Fund says India's population grew five times in the last 100 years.
Projections are that by 2050 India will be home to 161.38 crore people as compared to China's 141.7 crore.