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Monkeypox: Samples of 22-year-old deceased Kerala man come out positive

Monkeypox typically manifests itself with fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes and may lead to a range of medical complications.

Vani Mehrotra Edited By: Vani Mehrotra @vani_mehrotra New Delhi Updated on: August 01, 2022 14:22 IST
monkeypox
Image Source : AP A health worker stands at a monkeypox ward set up at a civil hospital in Ahmedabad

Highlights

  • The samples of the man were taken in the UAE on July 19 and he returned to India on July 21
  • He was then admitted to a hospital in Thrissur on July 27
  • His samples were sent for testing to the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune

Monkeypox: Samples of a 22-year-old man, who died in Kerala on July 30, have come out positive for monkeypox on Monday, official sources said, adding, that the man had recently returned from the UAE where also his samples had tested positive for the disease.

Apparently, his samples were taken in the UAE on July 19 and he returned to India on July 21 and was admitted to a hospital in Thrissur on July 27.

His samples were sent for testing to the National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune.

"The results came out positive on Monday," the sources said.

According to the relatives of the deceased, they were informed on July 30 -- the same day the patient died -- that his samples taken in UAE had also tested positive, the sources said.

Meanwhile, on Sunday, Kerala Health Minister Veena George said the health department will examine the reasons behind the death of the man.

The patient was young and did not suffer from any other illness or health problems. Therefore, the health department was looking into the cause of his death, she said.

George said they will also be examining why there was a delay in his hospitalisation after he arrived from the UAE on July 21.

What is monkeypox?

According to the WHO, monkeypox is a viral zoonosis -- a virus transmitted to humans from animals -- with symptoms similar to smallpox although clinically less severe.

Monkeypox typically manifests itself with fever, rash and swollen lymph nodes and may lead to a range of medical complications. It is usually a self-limited disease with symptoms lasting for two to four weeks.

The 'Guidelines on Management of Monkeypox Disease' issued by the Centre, stated that human-to-human transmission occurs primarily through large respiratory droplets generally requiring prolonged close contact.

It can also be transmitted through direct contact with body fluids or lesions, and indirect contact with lesion material such as through contaminated clothing or linen of an infected person. Animal-to-human transmission may occur by bite or scratch of infected animals or through bush meat preparation.

The incubation period is usually from six to 13 days and the case fatality rate of monkeypox has historically ranged up to 11 per cent in the general population and higher among children. 

In recent times, the case fatality rate has been around three to six per cent.

The symptoms include lesions that usually begin within one to three days from the onset of fever, lasting for around two to four weeks and are often described as painful until the healing phase when they become itchy. 

A notable predilection for palm and soles is characteristic of monkeypox, the guidelines stated. 

(With inputs from PTI)

Also Read | Monkeypox: Centre forms task force to monitor situation in India

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