People who consume non-vegetarian meals are less likely to catch diseases like diabetes, cardiac ailments, cancer and obesity, as compared to those who take a vegetarian diet, media reports said, quoting a joint study by doctors at AIIMS, Delhi, and Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS) on dietary habits of women.
The survey was conducted on women between the ages of 18 and 40 years and is funded by the Department of Bio Technology (DBT), Government of India, it said.
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The survey included women who were healthy as well as those suffering from polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
A total of 464 women were enrolled from Delhi and Kashmir between 2015 and 2018, out of which 203 were those Kashmiri women who consumed meat, while 261 women from Delhi were vegetarians.
A total of 144 women were suffering from PCOS and 320 were healthy.
They were divided on the bases of their dietary preferences — vegetarianism and non-vegetarianism. The findings have left researchers bewildered.
Results show that women from Kashmir who consumed up to five non-vegetarian meals a week were found to be at a lesser risk of these diseases irrespective of whether they were suffering from PCOS or were healthy, in comparison to women in Delhi who followed a vegetarian diet, media reports said.
They were examined on the basis of their menstrual history, drug intake, 72-hour dietary recall, blood pressure, height, weight, lipid profile, liver function, kidney function and inflammatory marker (hs-CRP, TNF-a, IL-6, resistin, adiponectin).
According to the reports, researchers are also exploring if the genetic and pollution patterns in both states have any role to play.