Dubbed as the largest farmers' congregation in Delhi, around 35,000 farmers, from across India, converged at the Parliament Street police station after their march was stopped by the administration.
Promises made by political leaders at a farmers' protest in New Delhi Friday were met with scepticism from several participants, who said they will believe them once they see a change on the ground.
Kumud, a farmer from West Bengal's Sunderbans, demanded middlemen be removed and loans waived, and said all her life she has heard promises of opposition parties, but she will believe them only if they stay true to their word.
Also Read | Delhi Farmers Rally: Rahul Gandhi, other opposition leaders join protest; blast Modi govt
She was among the farmers, who marched to the Ramlila Ground on Thursday, took out a rally to Parliament Street Friday morning to press for their demands, including debt relief and remunerative prices for their produce.
The carrot and tomato farmer undertook a 48-hour journey from the Sunderbans -- a mangrove area in the delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers -- to reach Delhi.
"I want them to remove the middlemen, they eat most of our profits and leave us nowhere. Their commission at times is 200 per cent," the 50-year-old farmer said.
She alleged that even this year, the middlemen bought tomatoes from her at Rs 5 and sold it for Rs 30 per kilogram to consumers.
"I know a number of leaders here who promised us many things, but I will believe their promise only when they fulfil it," she said.
Ram Kumar from Bihar's Sigori village said they are here to demand their rights and not ask for alms.
"I have seen all leaders who are not in power make tall promises but as soon as they come to power they have memory loss," he said.
"The protest was held to make people realise of our plight which has brought us on the brink of starvation. Even if a fraction of the promises made to us are fulfilled then we would not return back to Delhi to protest," the framer said.
Srinivas, who came from Telangana with his 15 family members to participate in the rally, said it is their warning to not only the BJP but to all political parties that they should not be considered weak.
"We can topple the government if needed. We must be taken seriously," he said.
Another farmer from Punjab said he is hopeful by the promises but time and again they have been cheated so till their loans are waived and they get remunerative prices for their produce they would not be sitting at peace.
Congress president Rahul Gandhi, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, Samajwadi Party leader Dharmendra Yadav, CPI(M) leader Sitaram Yechury, CPI leader S Sudhakar Reddy, AAP MP Sanjay Singh and former Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Farooq Abdullah were among the leaders who joined the farmers at Jantar Mantar.
"The farmers are not seeking a free gift from the government," Gandhi thundered at the rally in Jantar Mantar. The farmers had gathered from various states and camped at the Ramlila grounds overnight.
Traffic in many parts of the capital was affected due to the march.
National secretary of All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee (AIKSCC) Asish Mittal said farmers from 24 states joined the protest. Banded under the AIKSCC, which claims to be an umbrella body of 207 organisations of farmers and agricultural workers, many protesters arrived in the city on Thursday, on trains, buses and other modes of transport.
A group of farmers from Tamil Nadu staged a 'nude protest' by lying in front of the stage after placing bones and human skulls on their bodies.
About 1,300 members of the National South Indian River Interlinking Farmers Association reached the national capital in the early hours of Thursday and were carrying seven skulls and bones, said their leader P Ayyakannu.
He said the skulls and bones were of the farmers who committed suicide.
Samajwadi Party leader Dharmendra Yadav, CPI leader S Sudhakar Reddy, AAP MP Sanjay Singh and former Jammu and Kashmir chief minister Farooq Abdullah were among other leaders who joined the farmers at Jantar Mantar, which is less than a kilometre from Parliament.
While Gandhi said leaders of all opposition parties stand united with farmers in ensuring their good future and called for a farm loan waiver, Kejriwal alleged that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has "stabbed farmers in the back" by not fulfilling the promises made to them.
Gandhi said no one can silence the voice of farmers and youth while asserting that if the government insults them, then they will ensure its removal.
"The farmers are not seeking a free gift from the government by asking for a farm loan waiver but are only asking for what is due to them," he said, and asked, "If this government can waive Rs 3.5 lakh crore loans of 15 big industrialists, why can't the loans of crores of farmers in the country be waived."
Kejriwal said the government made lot of promises to farmers in the 2014 elections, but it has not fulfilled them. "And, by not implementing the Swaminathan Commission report, Modi ji has stabbed the farmers in their back (kisano ke peeth mey chhura bhonka hai)."
"...the report should be implemented, otherwise, farmers would wreak havoc in 2019 elections ('kisan agle election mey qayamat dhah denge')," he said.
The report is aimed at working out a system for food and nutrition security, sustainability in farming system, enhancing quality and cost competitiveness of farm commodities.
Yechury reminded the gathering that this was the "same police station (Parliament Street police station) where Bhagat Singh was taken into custody for throwing a bomb (in the Legislative Assembly)".
Swaraj India leader Yogendra Yadav said the protest is a historic development as not only farmers across the nation have assembled under one platform but also it has enjoyed support from all sections of society.
Pawar said the condition of farmers in the country needs to be changed but the government is "not sympathetic" towards their plight. Narmada Bachao Andolan activist Medha Patkar alleged that the government from the "very beginning has been adopting pro-corporate policies and not a single major initiative for farmers has been launched by it".
Abdullah said the farmers' protests Delhi is a "wake up call" for the government, as he urged people to join hands to overthrow the BJP government in the upcoming Lok Sabha elections.
The AIKSCC claimed the two-day rally is one of the largest congregation of farmers in Delhi. Five gurdwaras in the Delhi regionextended their help to the farmers. Also, students from various universities turned out in large numbers to lend support to the farmers. The protest also saw participation of a number of women farmers who travelled from various parts of the country.
Atul Anjaan, national secretary of All India Kisan Sabha, alleged that the "apathetic attitude" of the Modi government towards farmers has led to the distress in the agriculture sector and the situation is worsening.
Volunteers, including doctors, lawyers, professors and artists, came out to help the farmers. Around 600-700 volunteers of a solidarity group 'Nation For Farmers' marched with the protesters from the four assembly points.
Watch: Delhi Kisan Rally
( With inputs from PTI )