A commonly found urinal infection in the human body, a Urinary Tract Infection mainly is caused by microbes and fungi, or virus in some cases. These organisms are too small to be even seen by a microscope. Out urinary tract is the organ that is formed by and connected to the kidneys, apart from the urethra, bladder and the uterus. Commonly, a UTI is the result of an infection in the lower tract, that is, the urethra and bladder, but in case of exceptions it might take place in the upper tract as well, affecting the uterus and kidneys.
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Frequency in the urge to urinate
- Yellowness of the urine
- Bloody urine
- Cloudy urine
- Pelvic pain in women
- Rectal pain in men
These are the primary symptoms that could mean having a UTI making way in the body. These shouldn’t be ignored, and an authorised physician should soon be contacted.
Upper tract UTI
In case of an upper tract there is a greater risk of Urosepsis. Urosepsis is a condition where the infection passes from the kidney to the blood. This is very dangerous as it can cause the sudden low pressure of blood and at greater stages has the risk of death too.
The treatment of this infection depends on the kind of infection. If the infection is caused by bacteria, UTI can cured by antibiotics. If the cause of the infection is a virus, anti-viral medication can help. Similarly, fungal UTI is treated with anti-fungal medication.
The dosage of antibiotics is prescribed by the physician based on the part of urinal tract affected. If the upper tract is infected, an extensive antibiotic course is given to the patient and the dosage is directly inserted into the veins. In case of lower tract UTIs, the simple oral antibiotic dosage is advised.