India has two hostile neighbours, Pakistan and China, who are also nuclear powers. Under these circumstances, India is forced to maintain a strong army and modern weaponry.
To keep the armoury synced with the modern times, the country spends billions over its defence forces, most of it in importing defence equipments.
This year alone, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has allocated 2.47 trillion Indian rupees ($40.07 billion) as the budget for defence spending, most of which will be spent on import of weapons.
India also has its own defence research organisations like DRDO and HAL, which independently or in collaboration with other countries work towards giving arming the security forces.
Maintaining pace with technical advancements worldwide in the field of defence, India has amassed some next generation weapons.
1. Ballistic Missile Defence Shield
The Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program is an initiative to develop and deploy a multi-layered Ballistic Missile Defence.
It is a two tiered system consisting of two interceptor missiles, namely the Prithvi Air Defence (PAD) missile for high altitude interception, and the Advanced Air Defence (AAD) Missile for lower altitude interception.
The two-tiered shield should be able to intercept any incoming missile launched 5,000 kilometers away.
PAD was tested in November 2006, followed by AAD in December 2007. With the test of the PAD missile, India became the fourth country to have successfully developed an Anti-ballistic missile system, after United States, Russia and Israel.
2. Sukhoi/HAL Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft
The Sukhoi PAK FA is a fifth generation fighter aircraft being developed by Sukhoi OKB for the Russian Air Force.
The current prototype is Sukhoi's T-50.
The PAK FA when fully developed is intended to replace the MiG-29 Fulcrum and Su-27 Flanker in the Russian inventory and serve as the basis of the Sukhoi/HAL FGFA project being developed with India.
A fifth generation jet fighter, it is designed to directly compete with Lockheed Martin's F-22 Raptor and F-35 Lightning II.
The T-50 performed its first flight January 29, 2010. Its second flight was on February 6 and its third on February 12.
3. INS Arihant - The Nuclear Submarine
INS Arihant is the lead ship of India's Arihant class of nuclear-powered submarines.
The 5,000–6,000 tonne vessel was built under the Advanced Technology Vessel (ATV) project at the Ship Building Centre in Visakhapatnam.
The symbolic launch ceremony for the Arihant was held on July 26, 2009 marked the anniversary of Vijay Diwas (Kargil War Victory Day).
It was reported that the nuclear reactor and other systems were not included at the time of the submarine's launch.
The name of the vessel, Arihant is in Sanskrit and literally translates into destroyer of enemies.
The completion of the INS Arihant will make India one of six countries in the world with the ability to design, build, and operate its own nuclear submarines.
4. INS Vikramaditya
INS Vikramaditya is the new name for the former Soviet aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov, which has been procured by India.
The Vikramaditya is a modified Type 1143 Kiev class aircraft carrier built in 1978-1982 at Black Sea Shipyard, Mykolaiv, Ukraine.
The ship is presently being extensively refitted at Sevmash shipyard in Russia.
It is projected to replace India's only currently serving aircraft carrier, INS Viraat.
5. Dassault Rafale
The Dassault Rafale is a French twin-engined delta-wing agile multi-role 4.5th-generation jet fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation.
Introduced in 2000, the Rafale is being produced both for land-based use with the French Air Force and for carrier-based operations with the French Navy.
It has also been marketed for export to several countries but has not yet received orders.
6. Phalcon and DRDO AWACS
Phalcon and DRDO AWACS is also one of the additions to the military weapons of the future.
This comes with incredible force multiplier.
Phalcon and DRDO AWACS has the ability to help supervise the build-up of the military, movements of the aircraft and troop while flying in your territory at about 100 km above grounds.
Though there is tremendous capability that this has, there are only very limited number of Phalcon and DRDO AWACS you can encounter.
The production of Phalcon and DRDO AWACS is still controlled since there are some modifications and future testing needed to ensure that this will provide extreme positive results.
7. Shaurya & Agni V Missiles
India has definitely one of the best providers of military weapons of the future. And now, they are offering Shaurya & Agni V Missiles as one of the new military technology.
Shaurya & Agni V Missiles come with 2 stages. The first stage will loft the missile in 40 kilometer altitude.
After that, the second stage involves the cursing of the Shaurya & Agni V Missiles to the target.
The second stage comes with the purpose of rendering interception difficult. While in the endgame, the missile will guide itself in order to provide explosive effects to the target.
8. Air Launched Brahmos & Hypersonic Brahmos II
Air Launched Brahmos & Hypersonic Brahmos II is also one of the future military weapons that can affect the success of the fights in the battlefield.
The scientists of the Indian Laboratory Research are now working for the last phase of this military weapon and they are already preparation for its launching to the Su-30MKI aircraft.
Air Launched Brahmos & Hypersonic Brahmos II is basically lighter than the other future military weapons and this can easily fit to almost all of the aircrafts you will use.
The air version of Air Launched Brahmos & Hypersonic Brahmos II comes with no speed boosters but this can provide great deal of destructive effects to the target.
9. SPYDER and BARAK - 8 SAMs
In addition to the list of the future military weapons are the SPYDER and BARAK 8 SAMs.
This is a missile known for its quick reaction and low level weapon that can be easily mounted to aircraft, unmanned air vehicles, munitions, drones and helicopters.
SPYDER and BARAK 8 SAMs makes use of the system that will provide you with air defense intended for fix assets fitted to mobile fights.
10. P8i Poseidon
P8i Poseidon is also one of the military future weapons.
This is the customized variant of the other model which is P-8A first used by the Indian Navy.
This is considered as one of the most powerful air force weapon that can put anything to dust as long as those things are within the reach of P8i Poseidon.
This is among of the recently launched military future weaponsand is now being used by the other countries all over the world specifically in India.